Featured post

Earth’s Structures Unit 3 Summary p. 190

  1. Radiometric dating could be used to find the absolute age of an igneous rock layer or intrusion. Superposition and crosscutting relationships could then be used to determine whether sedimentary layers near the igneous layer are older or younger than the absolute age of the igneous layer.
  2. Scientists must date rocks that have been left unchanged since the solar system formed. Radiometric dating of meteorites has yielded a date of around 4.6 billions for the age of the solar system and the formation of Earth and the other planets.
  3. The fossils found in sedimentary rock can tell us about past environments. The chemical composition of sedimentary rock can tell us about the composition of ocean water and the atmosphere. The composition of sedimentary rock indicates the source of the sediment that makes up a rock. The texture of sedimentary rock indicates the environment in which the sediment was transported and deposited.
Featured post

Earth’s Structures Science Textbook Unit 2 Summary pg. 138

  1. A planet with the same composition throughout would not have layers with different properties. Therefore, a planet such as this would have no mountains, volcanoes, or earthquakes that would change it surface as a result of the motion of tectonic plates. Surface rocks and minerals would not move through the rock cycle. The surface of the planet might be changed by weathering, erosion, and deposition, but no new rock would form.
  2. New rock is formed at mid-ocean ridges, where the lithosphere is thin and magma can reach the ocean floor. Rock is also formed in subduction zones, where the lithosphere melts and rises to the surface of continents.
  3. A volcanologist could use the composition and texture of the rock to tell whether the volcano had erupted explosively. The different layers of volcanic deposits would tell the volcanologist how many times the volcano had erupted in the past and how the eruption changed with time.
Featured post

Plate Boundaries of the Earth Posters for Periods 3, 4 and 5

Create colorful posters of the Earth’s (1) Convergent Plate Boundary and (2) Divergent Plate Boundary and (3) Transform Plate Boundary.

The poster for the Convergent Plate Boundary must have the Labels and information about: How it moves (collides), What happens and is made when Continent to Continent Crust Collides, What happens and is made when Ocean to Continent Crust Collides, What happens when and is made Ocean to Ocean Crust Collides, Subduction, Volcanoes, Mountains, Earthquakes, and Major Landmarks.

The poster for the Divergent Plate Boundary must have the Labels and information about: How it moves (divides), What happens and is made there, Seafloor Spreading when it’s Ocean to Ocean, Ridges, Trenches and Valleys and Major Landmarks.

The poster for the Transform Plate Boundary must have the Labels and information about: How it moves (slides), What happens and is made there, Earthquakes and Major Landmarks.

I will not take any points off for poor drawings, but I will take points off if your poster is messy, not organized, missing labels and notes for each boundary.

Featured post

Earth’s Structures Project Rubrics for Periods 2 and 6

(A) MR. WILLIAMS’ THE VOICE: EARTH’S LAYERS SONG, PLATE TECTONIC MOVEMENT SONG, AND ROCK CYCLE SONG RUBRIC

Item Points Awarded Multiplier Total

Points

The Song/Songs MUST include correct examples and specific scientific explanations for ALL of the layers of the earth and HOW the Earth’s Surface changed over time. 1     2     3     4     5 10
The Song/Songs must include correct examples and specific scientific explanations for how the theory of plate tectonics explain the movement of Earth’s layers and what type of geologic features are a result from plate tectonics. Must Explain and Describe the 3 Plate Boundaries.  MUST include correct examples and specific scientific explanations for ALL the effects of heat flow and movement of materials within Earth (Continental Drift Theory, Plate Tectonics Thoery, Convection Currents, Sea Floor Spreading). 1     2     3     4     5 10
The Rock Cycle Song must include include correct examples and specific scientific explanations for ALL of the factors that influence the formation of different rock types in the rock cycle and explain and describe the 3 different Types of Rocks. 1     2     3     4     5 10
The Radioactive Decay/Dating and Law of Superpostion/Crosscuting/Uniformitarianism Song must include correct examples and specific scientific explanations for ALL of the factors that influence the the age of something like fossils, rocks, layers on earth. 1     2     3     4     5 10
 

Total

(B) MR. WILLIAMS’ STUDENT EARTH’S STRUCTURE MOVIE OR DOCUMENTARY

Item Points Awarded Multiplier Total

Points

The MOVIE/DOCUMENTARY MUST include correct examples and specific scientific explanations for ALL of the layers of the earth and HOW the Earth’s Surface changed over time. 1     2     3     4     5 10
The MOVIE/DOCUMENTARY must include correct examples and specific scientific explanations for how the theory of plate tectonics explain the movement of Earth’s layers and what type of geologic features are a result from plate tectonics. Must Explain and Describe the 3 Plate Boundaries.  MUST include correct examples and specific scientific explanations for ALL the effects of heat flow and movement of materials within Earth (Continental Drift Theory, Plate Tectonics Thoery, Convection Currents, Sea Floor Spreading). 1     2     3     4     5 10
The MOVIE/DOCUMENTARY must include include correct examples and specific scientific explanations for ALL of the factors that influence the formation of different rock types in the rock cycle and explain and describe the 3 different Types of Rocks. 1     2     3     4     5 10
The MOVIE/DOCUMENTARY must include correct examples and specific scientific explanations for ALL of the factors that influence the the age of something like fossils, rocks, layers, etc… on earth. Radioactive Decay/Dating and Law of Superpostion/Crosscuting/Uniformitarianism 1     2     3     4     5 10
 

Total

(C) MR. WILLIAMS’ EARTH’S STRUCTURES PICTURE BOOK STORY OR BOARD GAME RUBRIC

Item Points Awarded Multiplier Total Points Comments
The BOOK or BOARD GAME must include correct examples and specific scientific explanations for ALL of the layers of the earth and HOW the Earth’s Surface changed over time. 1     2     3     4     5 10
The BOOK or BOARD GAME must include correct examples and specific scientific explanations for how Plate Tectonic’s Theory explains the movement of Earth’s layers & what type of geologic features are a result from plate tectonics. Must Explain & Describe the 3 Plate Boundaries.  MUST include correct examples & specific scientific explanations for ALL the effects of heat flow and movement of materials within Earth (Continental Drift Theory, Plate Tectonics Thoery, Convection Currents, Sea Floor Spreading). 1     2     3     4     5 10
The BOOK or BOARD GAME must include correct examples and specific scientific explanations for ALL of the factors that influence the formation of different rock types in the rock cycle. 1     2     3     4     5 10
The BOOK or BOARD GAME MUST include correct examples and specific scientific explanations for ALL of the factors that influence the the age of something like fossils or rock layers on earth. (Radioactive Decay/Dating and Law of Superpostion/Crosscuting/Uniformitarianism) 1     2     3     4     5 10
 

Total

(D) MR. WILLIAMS’ EARTH’S STRUCTURES AND FORMATIONS MODEL RUBRIC

Item Points Awarded Multiplier Total Points Comments
The Model MUST include correct examples and specific scientific explanations for ALL of the layers of the earth and HOW the Earth’s Surface changed over time. 1     2     3     4     5 10
The Model MUST must include correct examples and specific scientific explanations for how the theory of plate tectonics explain the movement of Earth’s layers and what type of geologic features are a result from plate tectonics. Must Explain and Describe the 3 Plate Boundaries.  MUST include correct examples and specific scientific explanations for ALL the effects of heat flow and movement of materials within Earth (Continental Drift Theory, Plate Tectonics Thoery, Convection Currents, Sea Floor Spreading). 1     2     3     4     5 10
The MODEL must include correct examples and specific scientific explanations for ALL of the factors that influence the formation of different rock types in the rock cycle. 1     2     3     4     5 10
The MODEL must include correct examples and specific scientific explanations for ALL of the factors that influence the the age of like fossils, rocks, layers, etc… on earth. Radioactive Decay/Dating and Law of Superpostion/Crosscuting/Uniformitarianism 1     2     3     4     5 10
 

Total

(E) MR. WILLIAMS’ EARTH’S STRUCTURES CHOOSE YOUR OWN PROJECT RUBRIC

Item Points Awarded Multiplier Total Points Comments
MUST include correct examples and specific scientific explanations for ALL of the layers of the earth and HOW the Earth’s Surface changed over time. 1     2     3     4     5 10
MUST must include correct examples and specific scientific explanations for how the theory of plate tectonics explain the movement of Earth’s layers and what type of geologic features are a result from plate tectonics. Must Explain and Describe the 3 Plate Boundaries.  MUST include correct examples and specific scientific explanations for ALL the effects of heat flow and movement of materials within Earth. (Continental Drift Theory, Plate Tectonics Thoery, Convection Currents, Sea Floor Spreading) 1     2     3     4     5 10
MUST include correct examples and specific scientific explanations for ALL of the factors that influence the formation of different rock types in the rock cycle. 1     2     3     4     5 10
MUST include correct examples and specific scientific explanations for ALL of the factors that influence the the age of like fossils, rocks, layers, etc… on earth. Radioactive Decay/Dating & Law of Superpostion/Crosscuting/Uniformitarianism 1     2     3     4     5 10
 

Total

 

Featured post

Layers of the Earth Posters

Create 2 colorful drawings/posters of the Earth’s (1) Physical Layers and (2) Compositional Layers.

The poster for the Physical Layer must have the Labels for Lithosphere, Asthenosphere, Mesosphere, Outer Core and Inner Core along with Notes/Information about the Lithosphere, Asthenosphere, Mesosphere, Outer Core and Inner Core.

The poster for the Compositional Layer must have the Labels for Crust, Mantle Outer Core and Inner Core along with Notes/Information about the Crust, Mantle Outer Core and Inner Core.

I will not take any points off for poorly drawn Earth’s, but I will take points off if your poster is messy, not organized, missing labels for each layer of Earth’s Physical Layers, missing labels for each layer of Earth’s Compositional Layers, missing notes for each layer of Earth’s Physical Layers, and missing notes for each layer of Earth’s Compositional Layers.

Periods 3, 4 and 5

Using your guided notes, create two posters by choosing two analogies from the notes (Apple, Avocado, Egg, Pear, etc) and labeling each of those objects with the Earth’s Physical Layers of Crust, Mantle and Core and providing notes for each layer of your object on how they are like each of those layers.

Periods 2 and 6

Using your guided notes, create two posters by choosing two original/creative/even fictional analogies and labeling one of those analogies with the Earth’s Physical Layers (Crust, Mantle, Outer Core and Inner Core) and the other analogy with Earth’s Compositional Layers (Lithosphere, Asthenosphere, Mesosphere, Outer Core, Inner Core) and providing notes for each layer of your analogy on how they are like each of those layers.

 

 

Featured post

Earth’s Structures Unit Vocabulary

1) Weathering: the natural process by which atmospheric and environmental agents, such as wind, rain, and temperature changes, disintegrate and decompose rocks

2) Erosion: the process by which wind, water, ice, or gravity transports soil and sediment from one location to another

3) Deposition: the process in which material is laid down

4) Sedimentary Rock: a rock that forms from compressed or cemented layers of sediment

5) Igneous Rock: rock that forms when magma cools and solidifies

6) Metamorphic Rock: a rock that forms from other rocks as a result of intense heat, pressure, or chemical processes
7) Rock Cycle: the series of processes in which rock forms, changes from one type to another, is destroyed, and forms again by geologic processes

8) Uplift: the rising regions of the Earth’s crust to higher elevations

9) Subsidence: the sinking of regions of the Earth’s crust to lower levels of elevation

10) Rift Zone: an area of deep cracks that forms between two tectonic plates that are pulling away from each other

11) Crust: the thin and solid outermost layer of Earth above the mantle

12) Mantle: the layer of rock between the Earth’s crust and core

13) Convection current: the movement of a liquid or gas, caused by differences in temperature, that transfers heat from one part of the liquid to another, with the hotter liquid rising and the colder liquid sinking
14) Core: the central part of Earth below the mantle
15) Lithosphere: the solid, outer layer of Earth that consists of the crust and the rigid upper part of the mantle

16) Asthenosphere: the solid, plastic layer of the mantle beneath the Lithosphere; made of mantle rock that flows very slowly, which allows tectonic plates to move on top of it

17) Mesosphere: the strong lower part of the mantle between the asthenosphere and the outer core
18) Pangaea: the supercontinent that formed 300 million years ago and that began to break up 200 million years ago

19) Sea-floor Spreading: the process by which new oceanic lithosphere sea floor forms when magma rises to Earth’s surface at mid-ocean ridges and solidifies, as older, existing sea floor moves away from the ridge

20) Theory of Plate Tectonics: the theory that explains how large pieces of the lithosphere, called plates that consists of the crust and the rigid, outermost part of the mantle, move and change shape

21) Convergent Boundary: the boundary between tectonic plates that are colliding
22) Divergent Boundary: the boundary between two tectonic plates that are moving away from each other

23) Transform Boundary: the boundary between tectonic plates that are sliding past each other horizontally
24) Deformation: the bending, tilting and breaking of Earth’s crust; the change in the shape of rock in response to stress

25) Folding: the bending of rock layers due to stress
26) Fault: a break in a body of rock along which one block moves relative to another
27) Shear Stress: stress that occurs when forces act in parallel but opposite directions, pushing parts of a solid in opposite directions
28) Tension: stress that occurs when forces act to stretch an object

29) Compression: stress that occurs when forces act to squeeze an object

30) Earthquake: a movement of trembling of the ground that is caused by a sudden release of energy when rocks along a fault move

31) Focus: the location within Earth along a fault at which the first motion of an earthquake occurs

32) Epicenter: the point on Earth’s surface directly above an earthquake’s starting point, or focus

33) Tectonic Plate Boundary: the edge between two or more plates classified as divergent, convergent, or transform by the movement taking place between plates

34) Absolute Dating: any method of measuring the age of an event or object in years

35) Half Life: the time required for half of a sample of a radioactive isotope to break down by radioactive decay to form a daughter isotope

36) Radioactive Decay: the process in which a radioactive isotope tends to break down into a stable isotope of the same element or another element

37) Radioactive Dating: a method of determining the absolute age of an object by comparing the relative percentages of a radioactive parent isotope and a stable daughter isotope

38) Volcano: a vent or fissure in Earth’s surface through which magma and gases are expelled

39) Magma: the molten or partially molten rock material containing trapped gases produced under the Earth’s surface

40) Lava: magma that flows onto Earth’s surface; the rock that forms when lava cools and solidifies

41) Law of Uniformitarianism: a principle that geologic processes that occurred in the past can be explained by current geologic processes

42) Fossil: the trace or remains of an organism that lived long ago, most commonly preserved in sedimentary rock

43) Trace Fossil: a fossilized structure, such as a footprint or a coprolite, that formed in sedimentary rock by animal activity on or within soft sediment

44) Relative Dating: any method of determining whether an event or object is older or younger than other events or objects

45) Law of Superposition: a principle that states that younger rocks lie above older rocks if the layers have not been disturbed

46) Unconformity: a break in the geologic record created when rock layers are eroded or when sediment is not deposited for a long period of time

Featured post

Energy and Waves Unit Test Review

 

  1. Explain what medium (solid, liquid or gas) sound travels the fastest through and why, what medium sound travels the slowest through and why, and what medium is the Goldilocks or Zedd (Meet Me In the Middle) when it comes to speed? The fastest medium for the speed of sound is a solid, why? The slowest medium for the speed of sound is a gas, why? The Goldilocks/Zedd medium for the speed of sound is a liquid, why? The why for all of the mediums has to do with the particles.  The particles of a solid are tightly packed together and this allows sound to travel in this medium the FASTEST.  The particles of a liquid are less tightly packed together than a solid, but more tightly packed together than a gas, and this allows sound to travel in this medium the MEDIUMEST.  The particles of a gas are less tightly packed together than a solid and  a liquid, and this allows sound to travel in this medium the SLOWEST.
  2. Describe all of the energy transformations when you plug in your cell phone and turn it on to watch a Youtube Video or a Netflix Video. (Explain and describe Potential, Kinetic, Chemical (YOU) to Mechanical (YOU) to Electrical (CELL PHONE) to Chemical (CELL PHONE) to Electrical (CELL PHONE) to Sound (CELL PHONE) to Light (CELL PHONE) to Heat (CELL PHONE) Energy represented in this)
  3. Explain and give examples of why Sound Energy needs a medium to be heard. Why can you not hear the Death Star in Star Wars when it explodes in outer space?
  4. Explain and give examples of why Light Energy does not need a medium to travel through in order to be seen. (Hint: Why can you see the Death Star explode, but you can’t hear it explode).
  5. What happens when light hits a transparent material?
  6. What happens when light hits a translucent material?
  7. What happens when light hits an opaque material.
  8. Explain and give examples of how light is absorbed by different materials?
  9. Explain and give examples of how light is reflected by different materials.
  10. Explain and give examples of how light is refracted by different materials.
  11. Explain and give examples of how light is scattered by different materials (SOLIDS, LIQUIDS and GASES of Earth).
  12. Describe how heat is transferred from a glass of ice cubes with Coca Cola in it sitting at room temperature.
  13. Describe the transfer of energy when you eat something then play Basketball.
  14. Explain what happens when you turn on the stove burner and add heat to a pot of water with macaroni in it (Hint: Conduction, Convection and Radiation are all taking place.  Explain how and where)?
  15. Explain all the forms and energy. (Forms of Energy: Potential, Kinetic, Sound, Light, Electromagnetic Spectrum Energy, Chemical, Thermal, Solar, Nuclear, Mechanical, Electrical)
  16. Explain The Law of Conservation of Energy.
  17. Explain the different types of Energy Waves: longitudinal, transverse, mechanical and electromagnetic.
  18. Explain all of the parts of the Electromagnetic Spectrum with their wavelength, frequency, speed, and examples of how they are used in our world. (Radiowaves, Microwaves, Infrared Radiation, Visible Light, Ultraviolet, X-Rays, Gamma Rays)
  19. Explain all of the properties of an Energy Wave: amplitude, wavelength, frequency, crest, trough and wave speed. (Draw a Transverse Wave, Label them and define the labels)
  20. Explain how the wavelength effects the frequency of a wave.                                                      (Hint: Longer Waves = ????? Frequency)
  21. Explain the differences and similarities between Light and Sound Energy.                              (Make a Venn Diagram)
  22. Explain and give examples of the transfer of thermal energy by Conduction.
  23. Explain and give examples of the transfer of thermal energy by Convection.
  24. Explain and give examples of the transfer of thermal energy by Radiation.
  25. Explain the Kinetic Theory of Matter and how temperature is related to it. (Hint: The particles of solid water-aka ice-move how fast because of the temperature? The particles of liquid move how fast because of the temperature?  The particles of water vapor/gas move how fast because of the temperature?)
  26. Explain and give examples of what a conductor is?
  27. Explain and give examples of what an insulator is?
Featured post

Waves Unit 6 Lesson 3 pgs. 346 – 352

1. Energy transferred from hot objects to cold objects.

2. The kinetic energy of all particles in an object.

3. The transfer of heat through direct touching.

4. The transfer of heat by moving convection currents.

5. The transfer of heat by electromagnetic waves.

6. Temperature is the average kinetic energy of the particles in a substance, whereas heat is the energy that is transferred from objects at a higher temperature to objects at a lower temperature.  Heat can change the temperature of an object.

7. Heat is transferred between the two objects until they reach the same temperature.

8. A = Conduction.  B = Radiation.  C = Convection.

9.  Temperature is the average kinetic energy of particles in an object.  Thermal energy is the total kinetic energy of particles in an object.  Heat is the energy transferred between objects due to temperature differences.

10.  No, the particles in a solid can’t move freely, so the can’t change places as different areas become more or less dense.

Featured post

Waves Unit 6 Lesson 2 pgs. 336 – 339

1. The kinetic theory of matter says that the particles that make up matter are constantly in motion.  The average kinetic energy of those moving particles is how temperature is measured.

2. A thermometer is used to measure temperature and is often marked in degrees.

3. Temperature measures the average kinetic energy of the particles that make up a substance.

4. Higher

5. Celsius = degrees Celsius.  Fahrenheit = degrees Fahrenheit.  Kelvin = kelvins.

6. A.  The particles are moving faster and thus have a higher kinetic energy.

7. The particles would, on average, slow down.  The particles would, on average, speed up.

8. 98.6 degrees Celsius is much hotter than 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit.  A human would not be able to survive at that temperature.  Doctors worry more about a fever of a few degrees Celsius because the difference between degrees in the Celsius scale is much higher than the difference between degrees in the Fahrenheit scale.

Featured post

Energy Unit 5 Lesson 4 pgs. 306 – 311

1. Translucent

2. Transparent

3. Reflection

4. Refraction

5. Scattering

6. 6a = transparent. 6b = translucent. 6c = opaque. 6d = opaque.

7. Foil

8. The plastic lunchbox.

9. A mirror’s surface does not transmit any light (it reflects all the light) so it is opaque.  You cannot see objects behind the mirror.

10. A black surface absorbs more light than a white surface.  The light is converted to thermal energy, making the black surface hotter.

11. Particles in the air scatter blue light more than other colors of light.  As a result, blue light seems to be coming from every direction in the sky.

12.  The blue light will bend the most because it has the shortest wavelength.  The red light will bend the least because it has the longest wavelength.

Featured post

Waves Unit 6 Lesson 1 pgs. 326 – 331

1. The total amount of energy in a closed system always remains the same.

2. A comparison between a conversion’s useful output energy to the input energy.

3. Nuclear energy comes from changes in the nucleus of a atom.  Light energy travels in waves called electromagnetic waves.

4. The chemical energy in a battery is converted into electrical energy that powers a flashlight.

5. The electrical energy in a light bulb is converted into light energy.  Unfortunately, it is also converted into heat energy.

6. (45 J/120 J) x 100% = 37.5%

7.  The cheering of the crowd is sound energy.  The chemical energy of the food the jumper ate.  The jumper soaring through the air is mechanical energy.

8.  The chemical energy of the jumper’s food is converted into mechanical energy as he move.  His kinetic energy is converted into potential energy as he jumps.

9. Electromagnetic energy from the sun is converted into chemical energy by plants.  When you eat a plant, you take in this chemical energy.  You convert the chemical energy into kinetic energy when you move your body.

Featured post

Energy Unit 5 Lesson 3 pgs. 292 – 299

1. Electromagnetic radiation

2. Electromagnetic spectrum

3. Infrared radiation

4. A vibrating wave that is electric and magnetic moving through space.

5. Highest frequency = gamma rays.  Lowest frequency = radio waves.

6. All EM waves travel at the same speed, the speed of light, in a vacuum.

7. The opera stations signals have lower frequency, and so they have a longer wavelength.

8. The rock and roll station’s signals have higher frequency, so they have more energy than the other station’s.

9. Radio wave

10. Either X-ray or gamma ray.

11. White light is light that contains all colors (frequencies) of visible light equally.

12. The device should be placed on a satellite in orbit, because if it were on the ground, the atmosphere would block too much of the x-ray light.

Featured post

Energy Unit 5 Lesson 2 pgs. 280 – 285

1. D

2. A

3. E

4. C

5. B

6. Amplitude

7. Frequency and period are inverses.  Frequency = 1/wave period.

8. Wavelength, frequency and amplitude.

9. In a vacuum, all EM waves travel at the speed of light.

10. 6 m

11. 3 m/s

12. 2 s

13. Each wavefront expands in a sphere, spreading the energy across a larger area.

14. Colder air is denser, sound is a mechanical wave, and mechanical wave speed depends on the density of the medium in which it travels.  So sound will travel slower in colder air.

Featured post

Energy Unit 5 Lesson 1 pgs. 270 – 275

1. Energy

2. Longitudinal

3. Mechanical

4. Water

5. Rock or Earth

6. Air

7. You can make a transverse wave on a rope by shaking one end up and down while the other end is fixed.  As the wave moves down the rope, pieces of the rope vibrate up and down.

8. The sun’s rays must be electromagnetic waves because they travel through empty space to reach Earth.

9. EM waves travel as disturbances in electric and magnetic fields.

10. There is no air in the jar; the inside of the jar is a vacuum.

11.Light waves are electromagnetic waves.  They can travel through a vacuum.

Featured post

Energy Project Rubrics: Periods 2 and 6-Due December 18, 2018

CHOOSE ONE OF THE FOLLOWING:


1) MR. WILLIAMS’ THE VOICE: FORMS OF ENERGY, LIGHT SONG, SOUND SONG AND ENERGY WAVES SONG RUBRIC

Item Points Awarded Multiplier Total

Points

The Forms of Energy Song must include and scientifically explain correctly the different forms of energy: Potential, Kinetic, Chemical, Thermal/Heat, Mechanical, and Nuclear.  The Energy Song must include specific examples for the Law of Conservation of Energy and how one form of energy transforms into another. 1     2     3     4     5 20
The Light Song must include correct examples and specific scientific explanations of how light responds to different materials and the different properties of light.  The properties of waves for light such as: Energy Wavelength, Energy Wave Speed, Energy Frequency and Energy Amplitude. 1     2     3     4     5 20
The Sound Song must include correct examples and specific scientific explanations for how sound responds to different materials and the properties of waves for sound and how they are connected such as: Energy Wavelength, Energy Wave Speed, Energy Frequency and Energy Amplitude. Vibrations, and Pitch. 1     2     3     4     5 20
The Energy Waves Song must include the different types of energy waves, how energy waves respond to different materials and correct examples about the properties of waves such as: Energy Wavelength, Energy Wave Speed, Energy Wave Frequency and Energy Wave Amplitude.  The Energy Waves Song must include correct examples for each part of the EMS and specific scientific explanations for each part of the Electromagnetic Spectrum (Radio Waves, Microwaves, Infrared Radiation, Visible Light, Ultraviolet, X-Rays, Gamma Rays). 1     2     3     4     5 20
The HEAT SONG must include and scientifically correct examples and specific scientific explanations for Thermal/Heat and how it moves with Convection, Conduction and Radiation. 1     2     3     4     5 20
Creativity, Presentation and Performance 1     2     3     4     5 20
 

Total

2) MR. WILLIAMS’ STUDENT VIDEO DOCUMENTARY/MOVIE: ENERGY

Item Points Awarded Multiplier Total

Points

The Energy DOCUMENTARY/MOVIE must include and scientifically explain correctly the different forms of energy: Potential, Kinetic, Chemical, Thermal/Heat, Mechanical, and Nuclear.  The Energy DOCUMENTARY/MOVIE must include specific examples for the Law of Conservation of Energy and how one form of energy transforms into another. 1     2     3     4     5 20
The Energy DOCUMENTARY/MOVIE must include correct examples and specific scientific explanations of how light responds to different materials and the different properties of light.  The properties of waves for light such as: Energy Wavelength, Energy Wave Speed, Energy Frequency and Energy Amplitude. 1     2     3     4     5 20
The Energy DOCUMENTARY/MOVIE must include correct examples and specific scientific explanations for how sound responds to different materials and the properties of waves for sound and how they are connected such as: Energy Wavelength, Energy Wave Speed, Energy Frequency and Energy Amplitude. Vibrations, and Pitch. 1     2     3     4     5 20
The Energy DOCUMENTARY/MOVIE must include the different types of energy waves, how energy waves respond to different materials and correct examples about the properties of waves such as: Energy Wavelength, Energy Wave Speed, Energy Wave Frequency and Energy Wave Amplitude.  The Energy Waves DOCUMENTARY/MOVIE must include correct examples for each part of the EMS and specific scientific explanations for each part of the Electromagnetic Spectrum (Radio Waves, Microwaves, Infrared Radiation, Visible Light, Ultraviolet, X-Rays, Gamma Rays). 1     2     3     4     5 20
The Energy DOCUMENTARY/MOVIE must include and scientifically correct examples and specific scientific explanations for Thermal/Heat and how it moves with Convection, Conduction and Radiation. 1     2     3     4     5 20
Creativity, Presentation and Performance 1     2     3     4     5 20
Total

3) MR. WILLIAMS’ HOLLYWOOD VIDEO/YOUTUBE CLIPS: ENERGY

Item Points Multiplier Total

 

Using clips from movies or Youtube you must include and scientifically explain in a presentation (POWER POINT, GOOGLE, PREZI) to class correctly the different forms of energy: Potential, Kinetic, Chemical, Thermal/Heat, Mechanical, and Nuclear.  The Energy presentation (POWER POINT, GOOGLE, PREZI) must include specific examples for the Law of Conservation of Energy and how one form of energy transforms into another. 1     2     3     4     5 20
Using clips from movies or Youtube you must include and scientifically explain in a presentation (POWER POINT, GOOGLE, PREZI) correct examples and specific scientific explanations of how light responds to different materials and the different properties of light.  The properties of waves for light such as: Energy Wavelength, Energy Wave Speed, Energy Frequency and Energy Amplitude. 1     2     3     4     5 20
Using clips from movies or Youtube you must include and scientifically explain in a presentation (POWER POINT, GOOGLE, PREZI) correct examples and specific scientific explanations for how sound responds to different materials and the properties of waves for sound and how they are connected such as: Energy Wavelength, Energy Wave Speed, Energy Frequency and Energy Amplitude. Vibrations, and Pitch. 1     2     3     4     5 20
Using clips from movies or Youtube you must include and scientifically explain in a presentation (POWER POINT, GOOGLE, PREZI) correct examples and specific scientific explanations of the different types of energy waves, how energy waves respond to different materials and correct examples about the properties of waves such as: Energy Wavelength, Energy Wave Speed, Energy Wave Frequency and Energy Wave Amplitude.  The Energy Waves Youtube must include correct examples for each part of the EMS and specific scientific explanations for each part of the Electromagnetic Spectrum (Radio Waves, Microwaves, Infrared Radiation, Visible Light, Ultraviolet, X-Rays, Gamma Rays). 1     2     3     4     5 20
Using clips from movies or Youtube you must include and scientifically explain in a presentation (POWER POINT, GOOGLE, PREZI) correct examples and specific scientific explanations for Thermal/Heat and how it moves with Convection, Conduction and Radiation. 1     2     3     4     5 20
Creativity, Presentation and Performance 1     2     3     4     5 20
TOTAL

 

 4) MR. WILLIAMS’ ENERGY GAME RUBRIC

Item Points Awarded Multiplier Total

Points

Create a game that must include and scientifically explain correctly the different forms of energy: Potential, Kinetic, Chemical, Thermal/Heat, Mechanical, and Nuclear.  The Energy Game must include specific examples for the Law of Conservation of Energy and how one form of energy transforms into another. 1     2     3     4     5 20
Create a game that must include and scientifically explain in a presentation correct examples and specific scientific explanations of how light responds to different materials and the different properties of light.  The properties of waves for light such as: Energy Wavelength, Energy Wave Speed, Energy Frequency and Energy Amplitude. 1     2     3     4     5 20
Create a game that must include and scientifically explain in a presentation correct examples and specific scientific explanations for how sound responds to different materials and the properties of waves for sound and how they are connected such as: Energy Wavelength, Energy Wave Speed, Energy Frequency and Energy Amplitude. Vibrations, and Pitch. 1     2     3     4     5 20
Create a game that must include and scientifically explain in a presentation correct examples and specific scientific explanations of the different types of energy waves, how energy waves respond to different materials and correct examples about the properties of waves such as: Energy Wavelength, Energy Wave Speed, Energy Wave Frequency and Energy Wave Amplitude.  The Energy Waves Game must include correct examples for each part of the EMS and specific scientific explanations for each part of the Electromagnetic Spectrum (Radio Waves, Microwaves, Infrared Radiation, Visible Light, Ultraviolet, X-Rays, Gamma Rays). 1     2     3     4     5 20
Create a game that must include and scientifically explain in a presentation to class correctly Thermal/Heat and how it moves with Convection, Conduction and Radiation. 1     2     3     4     5 20
Creativity, Presentation and Performance 1     2     3     4     5 20
Total

5) MR. WILLIAMS’ ENERGY STORY BOOK RUBRIC

Item Points Awarded Multiplier Total

Points

Create a BOOK that must include and scientifically explain correctly the different forms of energy: Potential, Kinetic, Chemical, Thermal/Heat, Mechanical, and Nuclear.  The BOOK must include specific examples for the Law of Conservation of Energy and how one form of energy transforms into another. 1     2     3     4     5 20
Create a BOOK that must include and scientifically explain in a presentation correct examples and specific scientific explanations of how light responds to different materials and the different properties of light.  The properties of waves for light such as: Energy Wavelength, Energy Wave Speed, Energy Frequency and Energy Amplitude. 1     2     3     4     5 20
Create a BOOK that must include and scientifically explain in a presentation correct examples and specific scientific explanations for how sound responds to different materials and the properties of waves for sound and how they are connected such as: Energy Wavelength, Energy Wave Speed, Energy Frequency and Energy Amplitude. Vibrations, and Pitch. 1     2     3     4     5 20
Create a BOOK that must include and scientifically explain in a presentation correct examples and specific scientific explanations of the different types of energy waves, how energy waves respond to different materials and correct examples about the properties of waves such as: Energy Wavelength, Energy Wave Speed, Energy Wave Frequency and Energy Wave Amplitude.  The Energy Waves Book must include correct examples for each part of the EMS and specific scientific explanations for each part of the Electromagnetic Spectrum (Radio Waves, Microwaves, Infrared Radiation, Visible Light, Ultraviolet, X-Rays, Gamma Rays). 1     2     3     4     5 20
Create a BOOK that must include and scientifically explain in a presentation to class correctly Thermal/Heat and how it moves with Convection, Conduction and Radiation. 1     2     3     4     5 20
Creativity, Presentation and Performance 1     2     3     4     5 20
TOTAL

6) MR. WILLIAMS’ ENERGY PLAY

Item Points Awarded Multiplier Total

Points

Create a PLAY that must include and scientifically explain correctly the different forms of energy: Potential, Kinetic, Chemical, Thermal/Heat, Mechanical, and Nuclear.  The PLAY must include specific examples for the Law of Conservation of Energy and how one form of energy transforms into another. 1     2     3     4     5 20
Create a PLAY that must include and scientifically explain in a presentation correct examples and specific scientific explanations of how light responds to different materials and the different properties of light.  The properties of waves for light such as: Energy Wavelength, Energy Wave Speed, Energy Frequency and Energy Amplitude. 1     2     3     4     5 20
Create a PLAY that must include and scientifically explain in a presentation correct examples and specific scientific explanations for how sound responds to different materials and the properties of waves for sound and how they are connected such as: Energy Wavelength, Energy Wave Speed, Energy Frequency and Energy Amplitude. Vibrations, and Pitch. 1     2     3     4     5 20
Create a PLAY that must include and scientifically explain in a presentation correct examples and specific scientific explanations of the different types of energy waves, how energy waves respond to different materials and correct examples about the properties of waves such as: Energy Wavelength, Energy Wave Speed, Energy Wave Frequency and Energy Wave Amplitude.  The Energy Waves Poster must include correct examples for each part of the EMS and specific scientific explanations for each part of the Electromagnetic Spectrum (Radio Waves, Microwaves, Infrared Radiation, Visible Light, Ultraviolet, X-Rays, Gamma Rays). 1     2     3     4     5 20
Create a PLAY that must include and scientifically explain in a presentation to class correctly Thermal/Heat and how it moves with Convection, Conduction and Radiation. 1     2     3     4     5 20
Creativity, Presentation and Performance 1     2     3     4     5 20
TOTAL

7) MAKE YOUR OWN ENEGY PROJECT-MUST RECEIVE PERMISSION FROM MR. WILLIAMS’ BEFORE BEGINNING-PRESENTATION IS THE GENERIC WORD FOR THE FORM OF THE PROJECT YOU WANT TO DO

Item Points Awarded Multiplier Total

Points

Create a PRESENTATION that must include and scientifically explain correctly the different forms of energy: Potential, Kinetic, Chemical, Thermal/Heat, Mechanical, and Nuclear.  The PLAY must include specific examples for the Law of Conservation of Energy and how one form of energy transforms into another. 1     2     3     4     5 20
Create a PRESENTATION that must include and scientifically explain in a presentation correct examples and specific scientific explanations of how light responds to different materials and the different properties of light.  The properties of waves for light such as: Energy Wavelength, Energy Wave Speed, Energy Frequency and Energy Amplitude. 1     2     3     4     5 20
Create a PRESENTATION that must include and scientifically explain in a presentation correct examples and specific scientific explanations for how sound responds to different materials and the properties of waves for sound and how they are connected such as: Energy Wavelength, Energy Wave Speed, Energy Frequency and Energy Amplitude. Vibrations, and Pitch. 1     2     3     4     5 20
Create a PRESENTATION that must include and scientifically explain in a presentation correct examples and specific scientific explanations of the different types of energy waves, how energy waves respond to different materials and correct examples about the properties of waves such as: Energy Wavelength, Energy Wave Speed, Energy Wave Frequency and Energy Wave Amplitude.  The Energy Waves Poster must include correct examples for each part of the EMS and specific scientific explanations for each part of the Electromagnetic Spectrum (Radio Waves, Microwaves, Infrared Radiation, Visible Light, Ultraviolet, X-Rays, Gamma Rays). 1     2     3     4     5 20
Create a PRESENTATION that must include and scientifically explain in a presentation to class correctly Thermal/Heat and how it moves with Convection, Conduction and Radiation. 1     2     3     4     5 20
Creativity, Presentation and Performance 1     2     3     4     5 20
TOTAL
Featured post

Energy Unit Vocabulary Assignment

Mr. Williams’ Vocabulary Graphic Organizer

Energy and Waves Unit 2 Column Vocabulary

Vocabulary must have: (1) Science textbook definition of the vocabulary word as I have provided for you and (2) A picture.

Energy Essential Questions

# 1 EQ: How do the properties of light and sound determine their response to various materials?

#2 EQ: How does energy transfer within a system?

#3 EQ: How is heat energy transferred within a system?

#4 EQ: How does light respond to a variety of materials?

#5 EQ: How can the properties of light and sound be compared?

#6 EQ: How is the electromagnetic spectrum organized?

#7 EQ: What are the effects of adding or removing heat from a system?

#8 EQ: How are the molecules within an object affected by heat?

#9 EQ: How does heat transfer within a system?

#10 EQ: How can we describe energy transformations from one form to another?

#11 EQ: What are the various forms of energy?

#12 EQ: How can I recognize when energy is transferred?

#13 EQ: How can we cite evidence of the law of conservation of energy?

Thermal Energy, Heat and Temperature

(1) Thermal Energy: The total kinetic and potential energy of all of the particles of an object.  All objects, even Icebergs, contain thermal energy even if they do not feel hot.

(2) Solid: Closely packed and ordered arrangement of particles that make up the object. It has a definite shape and volume.  Jason’s Hockey Mask would not change its shape or size if you place it in a coffin.

(3) Liquid: A liquid has a definite volume but no shape of its own.  If you pour a liquid into a container like a cup or a water bottle, it will take the shape of the container like the cup or water bottle.  The particles of a liquid are able to move around more freely than a solid, but less freely than a gas.

(4) Gas: A gas does not have a definite shape nor a definite volume.  Particles in Gas have the most movement because they are the hottest.

(5) State of Matter Contract and Expand/Kinetic Theory of Matter: As the thermal energy of matter increases, its particles usually spread out, causing the substance to expand.  This is true for almost all types of matter.  The expanding of matter when it is heated is known as thermal expansion.  When matter is cooled, the opposite happens.  Thermal energy decreases.  This causes the particles to slow down and move closer together and contract.

(6) Temperature: Is the measure of how fast or slow the particles in the object are moving.

(7) Heat: Energy that is Transferred from a warmer object to a colder object.

Heat Transfer and Materials

(8) Law of Conservation of Energy/Energy Transformations: Energy cannot be created nor destroyed.  Energy transforms from one from of energy to another. The electrical energy that powers our homes is transformed from the chemical energy of coal, oil or natural gas when it is burned.

(9) Conduction: Conduction is the transfer of heat from one particle of matter to another within an object or between two objects that are in direct contact with each other.

(10) Conductor: A material that conducts heat well is called a conductor.  The metal coils on your stove top and the metal pots are great conductors.

(11) Insulator: A material that does not conduct heat well.  Wool blankets are good insulators as they slow the transfer of heat out of your body.

(12) Convection: The type of heat transfer that occurs in fluids and gases.

(13) Convection Currents: Hot liquid/air rises and cold liquid/air sinks in a circular motion.

(14) Radiation: The transfer of energy by electromagnetic waves.

Properties of Waves

(15)Wave: Any disturbance that transfers energy from place to place.

(16)Medium: The matter a wave moves through.  Liquid water is the medium that an ocean wave travels through.

(17)Longitudinal Wave: Waves that travel in the same direction of the source’s motion/force. 

(18)Transverse Wave: Waves that travel perpendicular/at right angles to the direction of the source’s motion/force. 

(19)Mechanical Wave: A type of wave that moves through some type of matter.  An ocean wave is a type of mechanical wave.

(20)Vacuum: A place that has no matter/medium.  Outer space is an example of a vacuum.

(21)Electromagnetic Radiation Wave: Waves that transfer energy, but they can travel without a medium. 

(22)Amplitude” The distance between the highest crest and lowest resting position of the wave.

(23)Wavelength: In a transverse wave it is the distance from crest to crest.  In a longitudinal wave it is the distance from one compression to the next.

(24)Frequency: The number of times a wave repeats/paces a point in a given amount of time is called its frequency. 

(25)Wave Speed: The distance a wave travels in a certain amount of time.

Wave Speed = Wavelength x Frequency

Wave Interactions

(26) Translucent:  A material through which light can pass through partially and thus we can partly see through these objects. 

(27) Transparent: A material through which light can pass through entirely and thus we can fully see through these objects. 

(28) Opaque: Opaque objects are the most dense, and thus allow no light to pass through them. 

(29) Absorption: The transfer of energy from a wave to a material that it encounters.

(30) Reflection: The wave bounces off and heads in a different direction.  The law of reflection states that the angle of incidence equals the angle of reflection.  This means that the angle that the wave strikes a material will match the angle that the reflected wave bounces off that material.

(31) Refraction: The bending of waves as they enter a new medium at an angle, caused by a change in speed.

(32) Diffraction: When waves bend around objects.  Like how you can hear someone speaking even if they are around the corner of a building.

(33) Resonance: An increase in the amplitude of a vibration that occurs when external vibrations match an object’s natural frequency.

(34) Standing Wave: A wave that appears to stand in one place, even though it is two waves interfering as they pass through each other.

(35) Interference: When two waves collide and form a wave with greater amplitude or smaller amplitude than the original wave.

Electromagnetic Spectrum

(36) Electromagnetic Spectrum: The complete range of electromagnetic waves placed in order of increasing frequency is called the electromagnetic spectrum.  The electromagnetic spectrum is made up of radio waves, microwaves, infrared radiation, visible light, ultraviolet, x-rays and gamma rays.

(37) Radio Waves: Electromagnetic waves with the longest wavelengths and the lowest frequencies. Cell phones, internet, tv.

(38) Microwaves: Have shorter wavelengths and higher frequencies than radio waves.  Microwave ovens, radar, radar guns.

(39) Infrared Radiation: Have shorter wavelengths and higher frequencies than microwaves. Infrared camera.

(40) Visible Light: Have shorter wavelengths and higher frequencies than infrared radiation.  Light from a tv screen or a strobe light in a haunted house.

(41) Ultraviolet: Have shorter wavelengths and higher frequencies than visible light. UV rays from the sun.

(42)  X-Rays: Have shorter wavelengths and higher frequencies than ultraviolet rays.  Used to examine bones, teeth and suitcases. 

(43) Gamma Rays: Electromagnetic waves with the shortest wavelengths and highest frequencies. Used in cancer radiation therapy.

 

 

Featured post

ECOSYSTEM TEST QUESTIONS FOR YOU TO REVIEW

I have graded the tests and they are entered into your myStudent.  These are the questions from the test.  You may review them, study them and retake your test with the chance of improving your test score if you chose by at least one letter grade.

LIFE SCIENCE ECOSYSTEM UNIT TEST

  1. Physical, or nonliving, factor that shapes an ecosystem.
  2. A) Biotic factor
  3. B) Abiotic factor
  4. C) Limiting factor
  5. D) Resources

2) Any living part of the environment with which an organism might interact.

  1. A) Biotic factor
  2. B) Abiotic factor
  3. C) Limiting factor
  4. D) Resources

3) A meat eating only organism.

  1. A) Carnivore
  2. B) Omnivore
  3. C) Herbivore
  4. D) Decomposer

4) Assemblage of different populations that live together in a defined area.

  1. A) Organism
  2. B) Population
  3. C) Community
  4. D) Ecosystem

5) Organism that relies on other organisms for its energy and food supply; also called a heterotroph.

  1. A) Producer
  2. B) Consumer
  3. C) Autotroph
  4. D) Answers A and C

6) Symbiotic relationship in which one organism benefits and the other is neither helped nor harmed.

  1. A) Mutualism
  2. B) Commensalism
  3. C) Parasitism
  4. D) Competition

7) A relationship in which two or more living things depend on the same limited resource and fight over it.

  1. A) Mutualism
  2. B) Commensalism
  3. C) Parasitism
  4. D) Competition

8) When living things make an area their habitat.

  1. A) Dominate
  2. B) Colonize
  3. C) Habitat
  4. D) Interact

9) A living thing that eats and gets energy by breaking down the remains of dead things and animal waste.

  1. A) Producer
  2. B) Consumer
  3. C) Decomposer
  4. D) Tertiary Consumer

10) A living thing that has adaptations that help it thrive and survive the best in their ecosystem.

  1. A) Adaptations
  2. B) Evolution
  3. C) Co-evolution
  4. D) Dominate

11) The number of living things in an area of a specific size.

  1. A) Population
  2. B) Community
  3. C) Density
  4. D) Ecosystem

12) Scientific study of interactions among organisms and between organisms and their environment.

  1. A) Geology
  2. B) Ecology
  3. C) Psychology
  4. D) Physics

13) All the organisms that live in a place, together with their nonliving environment.

  1. A) Population
  2. B) Community
  3. C) Density
  4. D) Ecosystem

14) A diagram that shows the amount of energy that moves from one feeding level to another in a food web.

  1. A) Food Chain
  2. B) Food Web
  3. C) Energy Pyramid
  4. D) Energy Diorama

15) A series of steps in an ecosystem in which organisms transfer energy by eating and being eaten.

  1. A) Food Chain
  2. B) Food Web
  3. C) Energy Pyramid
  4. D) Energy Diorama

16) Network of complex interactions formed by the feeding relationships among the various organisms in an ecosystem.

  1. A) Food Chain
  2. B) Food Web
  3. C) Energy Pyramid
  4. D) Energy Diorama

17) Area where an organism lives including the biotic and abiotic factors that affect it.

  1. A) Population
  2. B) Community
  3. C) Habitat
  4. D) Ecosystem

18) A plant eating only organism.

  1. A) Carnivore
  2. B) Omnivore
  3. C) Herbivore
  4. D) Decomposer

19) Non-native species whose introduction causes, or is likely to cause, economic harm, environmental harm, or harm to human health.

  1. A) Pioneer Species
  2. B) Native Species
  3. C) Invasive/Introduced Species
  4. D) Organism

20) Factor that causes population growth to decrease.

  1. A) Biotic factor
  2. B) Abiotic factor
  3. C) Limiting factor
  4. D) Resources

21) Symbiotic relationship in which both species benefit from the relationship.

  1. A) Mutualism
  2. B) Commensalism
  3. C) Parasitism
  4. D) Competition

22) Full range of physical and biological conditions in which an organism lives and the way in which the organism uses those conditions.

  1. A) Abiotic Factor
  2. B) Biotic Factor
  3. C) Limiting Factor
  4. D) Role/Niche

23) A plant and meat-eating organism.

  1. A) Carnivore
  2. B) Omnivore
  3. C) Herbivore
  4. D) Decomposer

24) A living thing.

  1. A) Pioneer Species
  2. B) Native Species
  3. C) Invasive/Introduced Species
  4. D) Organism

25) A relationship between two living things in which one living thing benefits, and the other living thing is harmed.

  1. A) Mutualism
  2. B) Commensalism
  3. C) Parasitism
  4. D) Predation

26) First species to populate an area during succession.

  1. A) Invasive Species
  2. B) Native/Pioneer Species
  3. C) Introduced Species
  4. D) Organism

27) Group of individuals of the same species that live in the same area.

  1. A) Population
  2. B) Community
  3. C) Habitat
  4. D) Ecosystem

28) A living thing that can make its own food by using carbon dioxide/oxygen cycle, sunlight, water and soil.

  1. A) Producer
  2. B) Consumer
  3. C) Decomposer
  4. D) Tertiary Consumer

29) A living thing that kills and eats all or part of another living thing.

  1. A) Predator
  2. B) Prey
  3. C) Scavenger
  4. D) Decomposer

30) A living thing that is killed or eaten all by another living thing.

  1. A) Predator
  2. B) Prey
  3. C) Scavenger
  4. D) Predation

31) Interaction in which one organism captures and feeds on another organism.

  1. A) Mutualism
  2. B) Commensalism
  3. C) Parasitism
  4. D) Predation

32) Any necessity of life, such as water, nutrients, light, food, or space.

  1. A) Biotic factor
  2. B) Abiotic factor
  3. C) Limiting factor
  4. D) Resources

33) A group of living things that are closely related, and can mate and produce offspring that are able to grow up and mate and produce offspring that are able to grow up……

  1. A) Pioneer Species
  2. B) Native Species
  3. C) Invasive/Introduced Species
  4. D) Species

34) Relationship in which two species live close together and one of the species positively benefits.

  1. A) Mutualism
  2. B) Commensalism
  3. C) Parasitism
  4. D) Symbiosis

35) Which of the following describes a population?

  1. A) 85 great white sharks off Cape Cod
  2. B) Dolphins and whales around Hawaii
  3. C) A mated pair of seagulls on an island
  4. D) Corals, sponges, algae, reef fish, lobsters, giant clams

 36) Which of the flowing is a biotic factor that might limit a population of mice?

  1. A) Water for the mice to drink
  2. B) Rainy weather that floods the mice’s nest
  3. C) In terms of its effect on population, which factor is most similar to birth rate?
  4. D) Rocks in which they hide from predators

 37) In terms of its effect on population, which factor is most similar to birth rate?

  1. A) Immigration
  2. B) Density
  3. C) Emigration
  4. D) Carrying Capacity

 38) Which of the following terms describes a straight series of connections among organisms that feed on each other?

  1. A) Food Web
  2. B) Ecosystem
  3. C) Community
  4. D) Food Chain

 39) Mushrooms and bacteria are important

  1. A) Predator
  2. B) Decomposers
  3. C) Producers
  4. D) Herbivores

 40) Which of the following is an example of mutualism?

  1. A) A bee getting nectar from the flower and a flower getting pollinated from the bee
  2. B) A tick sucking blood out of the dog
  3. C) A hawk killing and eating a rabbit
  4. D) A mosquito sucking blood out of a human

 41) A disruption to an established ecosystem can lead to

  1. A) New organisms being prevented from moving into the area
  2. B) Changes in the populations of the community
  3. C) More resources for all the organisms that make up the community
  4. D) Hurricanes or volcanic eruptions

42) In the energy pyramid, which consumers have the most energy available to them?

  1. A) Producers
  2. B) Primary Consumers
  3. C) Secondary Consumers
  4. D) Tertiary Consumers

43) Alligators are important to the Wetland Ecosystems because they help to maintain the populations of all the other organisms. What type of relationship exists between the Alligators and the fish?

  1. A)Parasitism
  2. B) Predation
  3. C)Mutualism
  4. D)Commensalism

44) A major bass fishing tournament has just occurred, and the population of large adult bass has sharply declined. Bass are the tertiary consumer in the food chain of minnows that eat water fleas and water fleas that eat algae.  Which of the following describes a likely effect on the food chain in this energy pyramid?

  1. A) Minnows will decrease and algae will decrease
  2. B) Minnows will increase and water fleas will increase
  3. C) Water fleas will increase and algae will decrease
  4. D) Minnows will increase and algae will increase

45) Based on the effects of the bass tournament, will this energy pyramid and food chain collapse? Choose the most likely option.

  1. A) No, because the algae will increase.
  2. B) No, because the water fleas will increase.
  3. C) Yes, because the algae will decrease.
  4. D) Yes, because the algae will increase.

46) Scientists discovered two species of water fleas in Lake Okeechobee: one native to the lake, and one that was accidentally introduced through human actions. Data show that the native species population is larger from October to April, while the non-native population is larger from June to August. In the summer, the native species is found in the deeper and cooler regions of the lake, while the non-native species is found in the shallower and warmer regions.  Based on the scientists’ observations, which conclusion is the most likely?

  1. A) The two species occupy different niches, so they don’t compete for the exact same resources.
  2. B) The two species eat the same food, but there is enough to go around.
  3. C) The two species do not have the ability to fight each other.
  4. D) The two species’ niches are identical.

47) To accommodate the space needed for the construction of a new school, a large portion of a local forest was cut down. This forced the local deer population into a much smaller area where there was less food and water.  This also allowed diseases and parasites to spread through the population, which caused the deer to become weak and slow. What statement MOST LIKELY describes what will happen to the deer population?

  1. A) Predators will prey upon the sick deer and the deer population will increase.
  2. B) Predators will avoid the sick deer and the deer the deer population will increase.
  3. C) The sick deer will die, the population will decrease, but eventually stabilize at a manageable size.
  4. D) The deer population will not be affected by limiting factors and maintain its current population size.

48) Would providing extra food and water restore the size and health of the deer population? Choose the best option.

  1. A) No, those limiting factors do not affect the deer.
  2. B) Yes, those are the only limiting factors affecting the deer.
  3. C) No, other limiting factors would affect the deer more.
  4. D) No, illness is the limiting factor that affects the deer the most.
Featured post

Ecology Unit Test Review

  1. What is an abiotic factor?
  2. What is a biotic factor?
  3. What is a habitat?
  4. How does breaking down the remains of dead animals benefit plants?
  5. What is a decomposer?
  6. What is a consumer?
  7. What is a producer?
  8. What is a scavenger?
  9. Define the Levels of an Ecosystem: Organism, Population, Community, Ecosystem, Biome, Biosphere
  10. What is a carnivore?
  11. What is an herbivore?
  12. What is an omnivore?
  13. What is Photosynthesis?
  14. Describe the carbon dioxide-oxygen cycle.
  15. What is a food chain?
  16. What is a food web?
  17. What is an energy pyramid?
  18. How is energy transferred in an ecosystem?
  19. What is symbiosis?
  20. What is a niche?
  21. What is mutualism?
  22. What is commensalism?
  23. What is parasitism?
  24. What is predation?
  25. What is a limiting factor?
  26. How can food and water be a limiting factor?
  27. How can climate and weather be a limiting factor?
  28. How can space and shelter be a limiting factor?
  29. How can mates for sexual reproduction be a limiting factor?
  30. What is competition?
  31. What happens when competition for a resource/limiting factor increases? What happens to the populations competing for that resource/limiting factor?
  32. What happens when competition for a resource/limiting factor decreases? What happens to the populations competing for that resource/limiting factor?
  33. What are animal adaptations and how do these adaptations help them to survive?
  34. What is an introduced species and how does it affect native/pioneer species?
Featured post

Symbiosis Memory Matching Card Game

Symbiotic Relationship Matching Game Notes

Using the examples in the Symbiosis Guided Notes, create a Symbiosis Memory Matching Card Game for the relationships of Mutualism, Commensalism and Parasitism.  Each Card Must have a Picture of the Animal and a written description for their role in the relationship.

MUTUALISM

3 Relationships (3 pairs of matches for a total of 6 cards) for Mutualism = +P.+P.

COMMENSALISM

3 Relationships (3 pairs of matches for a total of 6 cards) for Commensalism = +P. only

PARASITISM

3 Relationships (3 pairs of matches for a total of 6 cards) for Parasitism = +P.-N.

PREDATION

3 Predator Prey Relationships (3 pairs of matches for a total of 6 cards)

Featured post

Ecosystem Predator Prey, Food Chain, Food Web and Energy Pyramid

 

  • Create an Energy Pyramid, Food Chain and Food Web using your favorite Predator and Prey relationships in that Ecosystem. You must have at least 3 Predators and 2 Prey. It must be at least 7 food chains.  One Predator must be the Tertiary Consumer.  They all must be in the same Ecosystem

Periods 2 AND 6: If you want to use a Fictional Predator-Prey Relationships you may.

  • Remember, that all Predator and Prey Relationships must start out with the Producers/Plants/Autotrophs.
  • This is assignment do be done on a separate sheet of paper.
  • Please use your electronic devices to help you with this Predator and Prey Energy Pyramid, Food Chain and Food Web Assignment.
  • Use my African Savannah Energy Pyramid, Food Chains and Food Web to help guide you on this assignment.
  • You must identify what level they are, ie. Lion = Tertiary Consumer/Top Carnivore/3rd Order Heterotroph.
  • LABEL YOUR FOOD CHAIN  AND YOUR FOOD WEB ORGANISMS WITH THEIR CORRECT 3 LABELS
  • DRAW AND LABEL YOUR ECOSYSTEM ENERGY PYRAMID
  • PUT ALL OF YOUR ECOSYSTEMS CREATURES IN THEIR APPROPRIATE LEVEL ON THE ENERGY PYRAMID.
  • IT MUST LOOK EXACTLY LIKE MY ENERGY PYRAMID, FOOD CHAIN AND FOOD WEB NOTES.
Featured post

Nemocology

Watch Finding Nemo and Complete the Table

 

Producers Consumers Decomposers Predator Prey Commensalism Mutualism Parasitism
Cyanobacteria

 

 

 

Bruce-the Great White and the Sharks

 

 

 

Crabs

 

 

 

Bruce-the Great White and the Sharks

 

Marlin and Dory

 

 

 

Crush and the Sea Turtles with Marlin and Dory

 

 

Clownfish and the Anemone

 

 

Gill, Nemo and the Fishtankhood

and Humans

Algae Barracuda

 

 

 

 

Micro-bacteria

 

 

 

 

 

 

Barracuda

 

 

 

Coral, Marlin and their eggs Remoras with Sharks

 

 

Crabs and Sea Urchins

 

 

 

 

 

Sea Stars and Coral Reefs

 

 

 

 

 

Plankton Crush-The Sea Turtle  

 

 

 

 

 

 

Crush Jellyfish Sea Anemone and Coral Algae and Coral Sea Spiders and Coral
Phytoplankton Whale  

 

 

 

 

 

 

Whale

 

 

 

Krill Mr. Ray and the remoras Crabs and Coral  
Seaweed Pelican  

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pelican

 

 

Fish      
Sponges Seagulls  

 

 

 

 

 

 

Seagulls

 

 

 

Marlin and Dory      
  Humans   Humans

 

 

 

Marlin, Nemo, Dory and the Fish      
Featured post

SCIENCE FAIR DIRECTIONS FOR PERIODS 2 AND 6

SCIENCE FAIR DIRECTIONS FOR PERIODS 2 AND 6

  1. TYPED Cover Page with your Science Fair Project’s Title, name, date, and period.
  2. EVERYTHING MUST BE TYPED.
  3. RESEARCH-List books, articles, web sites, persons, or any other reference you used as sources of information about your project in MLA Format.  You must have a minimum of 5 Research Sources.  Use:http://www.citationmachine.net
  4. STATEMENT OF PROBLEM/QUESTION-What is the problem or “question” you will investigate.
  5. WORKING HYPOTHESIS-What cause and effect relationship will your experiment test? This should be stated as an      If…then…because statement.
  6. PROCEDURES-How will your experiment be conducted?  List all of the steps so that another scientist can replicate your experiment.
  7. Independent Variable-The variable that I will test in my experiment will be…
  8. Dependent Variable-The variable that will show an effect in my experiment will be…
  9. The Materials: Control/Constant Variables in my experiment are-
  10. DATA-Use graphs and data tables to visually display your data that was collected.
  11. CONCLUSION-Please provide a 3-4 paragraph summary about how your results supported or did not support your hypothesis.
  12. ABSTRACT-Please provide a 5 paragraph summary of your project from start to finish.
  13. YOU WILL NEED A SEPARATE HANDWRITTEN JOURNAL IN EITHER A SPIRAL NOTEBOOK OR MEAD NOTEBOOK.  EVERY DAY THAT YOU WORK ON THE PROJECT WRITE THE DATE IN THE JOURNAL AND A BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF WHAT YOU DID FOR YOUR SCIENCE FAIR PROJECT ON THAT DATE.

THE SCIENCE FAIR PROJECT IS DUE ON OCTOBER 29, 2018.

Featured post

Nature of Science Unit Test Review Study Guide

 

  1. ____________ is the study of all living things.
  2. What are the four parts of science? (Chemistry is the fourth part not listed in your textbook)
  3. What is a possible explanation of an observation that can be tested by scientific investigations?
  4. A description of a pattern or an event in nature that is always true is a _____________.
  5. What is scientific inquiry?
  6. SI stands for what?
  7. In which step of the scientific method would you graph your results?
  8. Uses words to describe data?
  9. Uses numbers to describe data?
  10. What is the study of things such as chemistry, energy, forces, & machines?
  11. Temperature is measured in ___________ in SI, but in science we will measure it in ___________.
  12. __________ is measured in grams.
  13. The variable/variables in an experiment that remains the same is called a ______________
  14. What is the variable measured or observed for the outcome during an experiment?20 sec
  15. What is the factor in an experiment that is changed and tested by the scientist?
  16. You use a ________________ to measure mass.
  17. What unit do we use for measuring liquids?
  18. What is the study of things such as rocks, weather, and objects in space?
  19. What is technology used for in scientific discoveries?20 sec
  20. Which of the following is the study of things such as the human body, cells, animals, & plants?
  21. Newton’s discoveries are an example of a theory or a law?
  22. Gravity is an example of a theory or a law?
  23. Plate tectonics an example of a theory or a law?
  24. What is the first step of the scientific inquiry process?
  25. Identify the Independent Variable: How does the amount of oxygen in the water affect the oyster population?
  26. Identify the Dependent Variable: How does the amount of oxygen in the water affect the oyster population?
  27. Identify the Control/Constants Variables: How does the amount of oxygen in the water affect the oyster population?
  28. Identify the Independent Variable: How does the amount of light affect the growth of a plant?
  29. Identify the Dependent Variable: How does the amount of light affect the growth of a plant?
  30. Identify the Constant/Controls Variables: How does the amount of light affect the growth of a plant?
  31. What is a scientific observation?
  32. What is a scientific explanation?
  33. What is a scientific inference?
  34. Define and explain all of the steps of the Scientific Method.
  35. What is the difference between an Observation and an Experiment?
  36. What are scientific models, why are they used in science and what are the pros and cons of using them?
  37. What is repetition?
  38. What is replication?
  39. What is a Scientific Law?
  40. What is a Scientific Theory?
  41. A scientist is conduction an experiment to see how much force is required to pull objects of different masses across a table. Identify the dependent, independent and control/constants variables.
Featured post

Testable Experimental Hypothesis

Remember to turn in Your 10 Testable Experimental Hypothesis. Put your name, date and period on your paper.

The Hypothesis must be in an “If…, then… because…” format.

The Independent Variable is in the “If…,” part. The Dependent Variable is in the “, then…” part. Underline the IV and circle the DV.