Ecology Study Guide
2018 Biomes are North American Grasslands and Desserts
Dessert Study Guides
North American Grasslands Study Guide
Congratulations to Abigail Williams, Daniela Riewold, Andres Zatizabal, Hannah Duckwitz, Jonah Slatton, Michael McKnight, Logan Rodriguez and Jordan Torres for being a part of the team.
We will practice everyday, Monday to Friday, for four weeks in preparation for the Science Olympiad on Saturday, Feb. 3, 2018 at the Hillsborough Community College at the Brandon Campus.
Practice time is from 1:50 – 3:15 After School, Monday to Friday.
What is increasing?
<WAVESPEED AND FREQUENCY
Light Waves Pg. 1
- GAMMA RAYS
- VISIBLE LIGHT
- INFRARED RADIATION
- SHORT RADIO WAVES
- LONG RADIO WAVES
Uses of Light Waves Pg. 2
- GAMMA RAYS
-TREATS SOME CANCER
-USED TO KILL GERMS
-SHOWS BREAKS IN BONES
-SHOWS CAVITIES IN TEETH
-CAUSES A SUNBURN
-CREATES A TAN
- VISIBLE LIGHT
-ALLOWS US TO SEE
-CREATES A RAINBOW
- INFRARED RADIATION
-SHOWS HEAT LOSS IN BUILDINGS
-A FIRES HEAT
-USED TO COOK FOOD
-KILLS ORGANISMS THAT SPOIL FOOD
-PORTIONS OF PHONE CALLS
- SHORT RADIOWAVES
-CELL PHONES SIGNALS
- LONG RADIO WAVES
Diagram of a Wave Pg. 3
Vocabulary Activity Pg. 4
- Surface Wave
- Electromagnetic Spectrum Energy Waves
- Standing Waves
- Wave Speed
1) Algae that live in Florida coral reefs use energy from the sun to produce food for the coral. Energy is transferred from the sun to the algae to the coral.
2) Yes, living things like a lions may compete for water and shelter.
3) Florida Black Bears eat berries from the plants in Florida’s forests.
4) Introduced species like the Burmese python in the Florida Everglades are better competitors for resources than the native species because they do not have natural predators in their new environment. Because of that, they eat many native species and are a limiting factors.
- Native species
- Coral reef
- Limiting factor
- The limiting factor for this population is that there is not enough food to support the number of birds in the population.
- Introduced species like the Burmese python in the Florida Everglades are better competitors for resources than the native species because they do no have natural predators in their new environment. Because of that, they eat many native species and are a limiting factor.
- Estuaries are good places for fish to lay eggs because they provide great protection from predators, have abundant food and their warm and calm waters provide an ideal location for fish to reproduce.
- Gopher Tortoise, Turkey Vulture and the Sandhill Crane in the Land O’ Lakes ecosystem have a limiting factor due to human land development destroying their habitat.
- The number of crabs limits the gull population. When crab population increases, so does the gull population. When the crab population decreases, so does the gull population.
- Based on the evidence from the graph that a factor of 10 did not affect the gull population when the nest sites decreased 10 times from 1,000 nest sites to 100, I predict that their would be no effect to the gull population if the nest sites went from 100 to 10.
- Two resources that an alligator would compete for in it’s ecosystem are food and land/soil. The alligator had the adaptation of being amphibious, which allows them to be capable of competing for these resources in land and water.
- When the predator population goes up, the prey population goes down. When the prey population goes up, the predator population goes up.
- Point B would have the most amount of competition between the predators because the number of prey is far less than the number of predators.
- When competition increases for mates in an alligator population, the number of available mates for the alligator decreases.
- When a hawk kills and eats a squirrel in my community that is an example of predation.
- The sun
- Food web
- Producers = Make the Food, Consumers eat producers and other consumers, and Decomposers eat the dead matter and waste in the ecosystem.
- Base = Plants/Producers, Middle = Herbivores, Carnivores, Omnivores/1st, 2nd and 3rd Level Consumers, Top = Tertiary Consumer as well as Decomposers
- The two types of global food webs are land food webs and water food webs. They are connected by the water.
- Tree = Producer, Caterpillar = Consumer/Herbivore and Cardinal = Consumer/Omnivore
- The transfer of energy in the food chain.
- Wastes and the remains of dead things pile up. The nutrients from the waste and dead things wouldn’t be released back into the ecosystem’s soil and so the producers would not have enough nutrients.
- Abiotic factors are the nonliving part of an environment, such as water, soil, air, sunlight, etc… while biotic factors are the living part of the environment.
- The study of everything in an ecosystem.
- Habitat is where an organism lives in their ecosystem, and their niche is their role/job that they play in that ecosystem.
- Some ways that living things are connected to their nonliving environment are by the soil that they live on, the air that they breathe and the water that they drink.
- Individual Species – Populations – Communities – Ecosystems
- Populations depend on each other as they compete with each other for food, shelter and mates.
- Abiotic Factors determine where organisms can survive in a place.
- 25 – 14 = 11 degrees C
- If a draught occurred in a rainforest, the plants and animals populations would decrease because they depend on that rainfall to live and survive in that ecosystem.
- Owls and hawks can coexist in the same habitat as they both hunt for rodents because Owls hunt during the night, while hawks hunt during the day.
Remember, you will need to have a presentation (Power Point, Google Slide, etc.) to the class about your model.
|1||TABLE OF CONTENTS||/10|
|3||ASSESSMENT DATA TABLE||/10|
|5||GETTING TO KNOW YOU SUPERHERO POSTER||/100|
|6||LAB SAFETY NOTES||/10|
|7||LAB SAFETY POSTER||/100|
|8||LAB SAFETY TEST||/100|
|9||Nature of Science Learning Goal and Scale for Unit 1||/25|
|10||Mythbusters Scientific Method Graphic Organizer||/50|
|11||Unit 1 Textbook Guided Notes Worksheet||/25|
|12||Unit 1 Benchmark Review ?’s #’s 1-12||/25|
|13||Simpsons’ Hypothesis and Identify Variables WS||/40|
|14||Theories vs. Laws Reading Activity||/100|
|15||Unit 1 Vocabulary Foldables||/100|
|16||Paper Airplane Lab Report, Data Table and Graphs||/200|
|17||Unit 4 Vocabulary Foldables||/100|
|18||Unit 10 Vocabulary Foldables||/100|
|19||Unit 10 Lesson Review’s Worksheet||/160|
SCIENCE BINDER CHECK ON FRIDAY, 11/3/17
The list has been updated to make the Vocabulary Term for INTRODUCED SPECIES less confusing.
- STATEMENT OF PROBLEM-What is the problem or “question” you will investigate?
- RESEARCH-List books, articles, web sites, persons, or any other reference you used as sources of information about your project in MLA Format using. You must have a minimum of 5 Research Sources. Use:http://www.citationmachine.net
- WORKING HYPOTHESIS-What cause and effect relationship will your experiment test? This should be stated as an If…then…because statement.
- PROCEDURES-How will your experiment be conducted? List all of the steps
- Independent Variable-The variable that I will test in my experiment will be:
- Dependent Variable-The variable that will show an effect in my experiment will be:
- The Materials/Control/Constant Variables in my experiment are:
- DATA-Use graphs and data tables to visually display your data that was collected.
- CONCLUSION-Please provide a 2-3 paragraph summary about how your results supported or did not support your hypothesis.
- ABSTRACT-Please provide a 4-5 paragraph summary of your project.
- YOU WILL NEED A HANDWRITTEN JOURNAL. EVERY DAY THAT YOU WORK ON THE PROJECT WRITE THE DATE IN THE JOURNAL AND A BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF WHAT YOU DID FOR YOUR SCIENCE FAIR PROJECT ON THAT DATE.
THE SCIENCE FAIR PROJECT IS DUE ON 11/15/2017
1) Click on the link
2) Write down the game pin
3) Go to https://kahoot.it/ on a separate device
4) Enter Game Pin and play
- As scientists make observations and conduct experiments, their answers to some questions may change. Changes in understanding can lead to changes in scientific knowledge. Over time, ideas and explanations change based on new observations and experimental results.
2. Tables help to organize data in an orderly way. Graphs are helpful in analyzing data for patterns and trends. Graphs also show data in a visual way.
3. Science is the study of the natural world. Scientists ask questions, make observations, and gather empirical evidence to better understand the natural world in a systematic way.
3. A model is a physical or mathematical representation of a system, process or other thing.
4. Scientists use models to represent things that are too big, too small, or too complicated to observe or to use in an experiment.
5. Scientists use data tables to organize and record data.
6. A graph that is used to show how a set of data is divided into parts.
7. No, you would need a graph that shows two variables, such as a line graph.
8. The model is similar to the real object in terms of structure and the relative sizes of different parts of the building. The model also shows the location of the windows.
9. This model shows what features this building would have and the relationship of these feature to one another without having to build the actual building.
10. A model might be too simple to explain how complex a system or process really is, so it wouldn’t actually help people understand what it represents.
2. independent variable
4. It must be testable.
5. Experiments are most often performed in laboratories because it allows scientists to control variables more than in field investigations.
6. Repetition occurs when a scientist repeats her own experiment. Replication occurs when others follow the scientists procedure to perform the experiment.
7. Defining a problem, forming a hypothesis, making predictions, planning an investigation collecting data, organizing dat, identifying variables, interpreting data, analyzing data, drawing conclusions.
8. The animal in the fossil had wings, a long tail and four legs.
9. The fossilized organism dates back to the time of the dinosaurs.
10. Test the hypothesis by experimenting with the rock that is found around the fossil and then collect the data about the components of the rock.
2. empirical evidence
4. Biology, Geology and Physical Science
5. We commonly use theories when we mean a hunch or a guess, but in science that is not true. In science theories are well tested and based on data from those experiments.
6. Laws are proven factual descriptions of what we see happening in the world. Theories are well tested fact based explanations for how things happen in the world, but they have not been proven.
7. In the field and in the lab.
8. In a laboratory, scientists do experiments and control conditions.
9. It is a law because it is a statement that describes what is happening in the world and it is not an explanation about the reasons it is happening.
10. Scientific knowledge is often changed and modified as new evidence is found or new explanations are put forward for old evidence.
11. They hold these meetings and publish the discussion so scientists can debate scientific knowledge. Scientists know debate is important for scientific knowledge to advance.
Barrel of Bricks
Electrifying 3rd Rail
Updated on 9/6/2017
All 4 Questions Summary Notes:
- What are the benefits and limitations of using scientific models?
- How do scientists conduct a scientific experiment using all the parts of the scientific method?
- How are qualitative and quantitative data alike and different?
- How do the Mythbusters use empirical evidence and creative thinking in their science experiments?
Remind 101 is where I will send text message reminders for upcoming tests, assignments and class information.
Periods 1, 2 and 7
Text @bat127 to the number 81010 and you’ll receive a welcome text from Remind.
Periods 5 and 6
Text @bat5and6 to the number 81010 and you’ll receive a welcome text from Remind.